India ranks 134 out of 193 nations in UNDP’s 2022 HDI | India Information – 7 minute timer

India ranks 134 out of 193 nations in UNDP’s 2022 HDI | India Information

NEW DELHI: India ranked at 134 on an inventory of 193 international locations in 2022 as per the newest Human Growth Index, a notch greater than 135 out of 192 international locations in 2021, attributed primarily to enchancment throughout all HDI indicators over the earlier 12 months – improve in life expectancy from 67.2 to 67.7 years, anticipated years of education going as much as 12.6 from 12 and per capita Gross Nationwide Revenue growing from $6,542 to $6,951, amongst others.In response to UNDP’s Human Growth Report 2023-24, India confirmed progress in lowering gender inequality, rating 108 out of 166 international locations in Gender Inequality Index (GII), as in contrast with 122 out of 170 nations in 2021. With a GII worth of 0.437 in 2022, India fared higher than the worldwide common of 0.462 and South Asian common of 0.478.GII measures gender inequalities in three key dimensions – reproductive well being, empowerment, and labour market.On GII, the report states that India’s efficiency in reproductive well being is healthier than different international locations within the medium human growth group or South Asia. India’s adolescent start price in 2022 was 16.3 (births per 1,000 girls aged 15-19), a marginal enchancment from 17.1 in 2021. Nonetheless, India confirmed one of many largest gender gaps within the labour drive participation price— a 47.8% distinction between girls (28.3%) and males (76.1%).Nonetheless, on the Gender Growth Index (GDI), India continued to determine amongst Group 5 international locations which have ranked low on eradicating the hole. GDI measures gender gaps on three dimensions – well being that’s measured by life expectancy at start; education years for adults; and dwelling normal. Whereas life expectancy at start for females was 69.4 years and that for males was 66.3 years in 2022, however when it got here to imply years for education, it was 5.5 for females and seven.6 for males. The Gross Nationwide Revenue per capita for females stood at $2958 and for males at $10,696.“India has shown remarkable progress in human development over the years. Since 1990, life expectancy at birth has risen by 9.1 years; expected years of schooling have increased by 4.6 years, and mean years of schooling have grown by 3.8 years. India’s GNI per capita has grown by approximately 287%,” stated Ms. Caitlin Wiesen, Resident Consultant at UNDP India on the information on HDI. The report additionally confirmed that between 1990 and 2022, India noticed its HDI worth improve by 48.4% (from 0.434 to 0.644).India’s loss in HDI on account of inequality was measured at 31.1%. South Asia’s loss in HDI on account of inequality was among the many highest on the planet (after sub-Saharan Africa), adopted by the Pacific.Nepal at 146 and Bhutan at 125 share area with India in ‘medium human development’ class. Pakistan (164) and Afghanistan (182) determine within the low human growth class. China at 75 and Sri Lanka at 78 determine within the ‘high human development’ class.The 2023-2024 HDR builds on 2021–2022 HDR findings, which noticed the worldwide HDI worth fall for the primary time—two years in a row. International HDI is projected to achieve file excessive in 2023. Nonetheless, this progress is uneven. It highlights with concern that after 20 years of convergence, the hole between the richest and poorest international locations has began to widen from 2020.

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